PraeScium Module of

Mens Latina Artificial Intelligence in Latin


I. Diagram of PraeScium Module

  /^^^^^^^^^^^\  New Vocabulary Comes From Users  /^^^^^^^^^^^\
 /   EYE       \            ________________     /    EAR      \
|               |CONCEPTS  /                \   |  ___________  |
|   _______     |   | | |  \   MainLoop     /---|-/ PraeScium \ |
|  / old   \    |   | | |   \______________/    || memory vault||
| / image   \!!!|!!!|!|!|      |    ________    ||             ||
| \ recog   /---|---|-|-+      |   /        \   || Innate      ||
|  \_______/    |   | | |      |   \ KbLoad /---|| Ideas       ||
|               |  C| | |      |    \______/    ||             ||
|               |  O| | |   ___V_____________   ||             ||
|               |  G|E| |  /                 \  || Innate      ||
|   visual      |  I|R|S| / Volition FreeWill \ || Latin       ||
|               |  T|G|U| \___________________/ || Vocabulary  ||
|   memory      |  O|O|M| __|____ |  |          | \___________/ |
|               |   | | |(Emotion)|  |          |               |
|   channel     |   | | | \_____/ |  |          |oldest memories|
|               |   | | |   ______V  |          |to be forgotten|
|               |   | | |  /       \ |          |               |
|   _______     |   | | | ( LaThink )|          |newest memories|
|  /new    \    |   |_|_|_ \_______/ |          |to be recycled |
| / percept \   |  / Psy  \     _____V______    |automatically  |
| \ engram  /---|-/concepts\   /  Motorium  \   |by ReJuvenate()|
|  \_______/    | \________/   \____________/   |               |


II. Purpose of the PraeScium Latin Mind-Module

The mindboot sequence serves many purposes at the heart of a concept-based artificial intelligence. Chief among them is the function of demonstrating a proof-of-concept AI by enabling the artificial Mind to think immediately upon being run as an AI program. As the earliest conceptual AI Minds evolve and mature into greater sophistication, they must necessarily lose more and more of the mindboot sequence until they become like a human baby with an empty, tabula rasa knowledge base (KB) that must learn everything by experience.


III. Algorithm of the PraeScium module

In the knowledge-base (KB) portion, we will want Latin ideas containing important vocabulary.



IV. Contents of the PraeScium bootstrap sequence


  • [sun28apr2019] Homines amant naturam -- "Human beings love nature".
    ---- Allows spreading activation from "naturam";

  • [wed24apr2019] Natura non facit saltum -- "Nature does not make a leap".
    ---- Example of the negation of a verb;
    ---- May show "sideways" spreading activation upon input of "saltum";
    ---- May show "actpsi" activation if another sentence ends with "NATURA".

  • [2019-05-07] Ego intelligo te -- "I understand you".
    ---- Lets default concept of "I" eventually spread activation to "you".
    ---- Allows prompting of self-description from users.


    Candidate ideas

  • actus non facit reum nisi mens sit rea
    The act does not make [a person] guilty unless the mind should be guilty.

  • Alea Jacta Est -- "The die is cast." -- Julius Caeser

  • Amor Vincit Omnia -- "Love conquers all".

  • Caveat Emptor -- "Let the buyer beware."

  • Cogito Ergo Sum -- "I Think, Therefor I Am"

  • DEUS EST PRIMUM MOVENS -- achieves several things simultaneously.
    ---- It gives a definition of God;
    ---- Introduces adjective "primus, -a, -um";
    ---- Uses extremely famous phrase "PRIMUM MOVENS";
    ---- Demonstrates an example of a participle, "MOVENS".

  • Dis Aliter Visum --

  • Entia non sunt muliplicanda praeter necessitatem.
    Occam's Razor

  • fiat justitia ruat caelum --
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fiat_justitia_ruat_caelum

  • Homo sum humani a me nihil alienum puto.

  • Illigitimis non carborundum --

  • Mens Sana In Corpore Sano -- "A healthy mind in a healthy body

  • Non Compos Mentis --

  • Non uno die facta est Roma -- "Rome was not built in a day".

  • Pecunia non olet
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pecunia_non_olet

  • Persona non grata

  • Sine Loco, Anno vel Nomine -- S.L.A.N.

  • Quis Custodiet Ipsos Custodes -- "Who will guard the guards?"

  • "Tertium nihil est"



    Initial words in groups of one hundred per part of speech
    Some words will belong in the special 100-word sequences for each part of speech, while others will belong in the add-on category.

  • ERROR should go first, as a self-report in case something goes wrong.



    Candidate words by concept-number


    100-199 Adjectives in Latin

    alius ("other")
    alter ("other")
    bonus ("good")
    certus ("certain, sure")
    ceterus ("other") -- as in "et cetera"
    cuius ("whose") -- Panhuis "Latin Grammar" section 69
    cunctus ("all")
    dignus ("worthy")
    dulcis ("sweet") -- as in "Dulce et decorum est, pro patria mori."
    duo ("two")
    ferus ("wild")
    fortis ("strong")
    gravis ("heavy")
    idem ("same")
    ille (demonstrative "that")
    ipse ("himself, herself, itself")
    iste ("that")
    iuvenis ("young")
    levis ("light") cf. "levitate"
    longus ("long, far")
    magnus ("big, great")
    maior ("greater")
    malus ("bad, evil")
    maximus ("greatest") < br /> medius ("middle")
    melior ("better")
    meus ("my")
    miser ("unhappy, wretched")
    multus ("much")
    natus ("born")
    noster ("our")
    novus ("new") as in "NOVUS ORDO SAECLORUM" on dollar bill
    nullus ("no, none")
    omnis ("all, taken as a whole")
    plenus ("full")
    primus ("first")
    prior ("earlier")
    publicus ("public") as in "Pro bono publico"
    quantus ("how big, how much")
    quisque ("each")
    sacer ("sacred")
    sanctus ("holy")
    secundus ("second, favorable")
    senex ("old")
    solus ("only, alone")
    summus ("highest") as in "Summa Theologica"
    suus (reflexive "his, her, its, their")
    talis "such")
    tantus ("only")
    totus ("all, whole")
    tres ("three")
    tuus ("your")
    ullus ("any")
    unus ("one")
    uterque ("each")
    verus ("true")
    vester ("your")


    200-299 Adverbs in Latin

    -ne
    autem ("however")
    bene ("well")
    deinde ("thereupon")
    enim ("for")
    etiam ("also")
    gratis ("free")
    hic ("here")
    ibi ("there")
    ibidem ("in the same place") [important for style in English writing]
    igitur ("therefore")
    inde ("from there")
    ita ("so, yes")
    itaque ("therefore")
    jam ("already")
    magis ("more")
    nam ("for")
    nisi ("except")
    non ("not") [important for negation of verbs]
    numquam ("never")
    nunc ("now")
    quam ("than")
    quasi ("as if")
    quidem
    quin -- http://old.reddit.com/r/latin/comments/bq6evd/quin_intellegor
    quoque ("also")
    saepe ("often")
    saepenumero ("often")
    semper ("always")
    sic ("thus")
    simul ("at the same time")
    tam ("so")
    tamen ("nevertheless")
    tum ("then")
    tunc ("then")
    ubi ("where")
    unde ("from where,whence")
    usque ("towards") as in "quo usque tandem?"
    vero ("in truth")


    300-399 Conjunctions in Latin

    -que ("and")
    -v ("or")
    ac ("and")
    at ("but")
    atque "and")
    aut ("or")
    cum ("when")
    dum ("while, provided that")
    362 ergo ("therefore") as in "Cogito ergo sum"
    306 et ("and")
    ne ("lest, in order that not")
    nec ("and not, nor")
    neque ("neither")
    quia ("because")
    quin ("that not")
    quod ("because")
    quominus ("that thereby the less")
    sed ("but")
    seu
    si ("if")
    sicut ("as")
    ubi ("where")
    ut ("as, how, in order to")
    vel ("or, if you please") e.g,, "colloquium vel conversatio"


    400-499 Interjections in Latin

  • age

  • ecce

  • en

  • edepol ("by Pollux")

  • heu

  • o

  • vae


    Nouns by concept-number

    517 CONFUCIUS -- 2019-05-17: ("man of Konfu")
    521 DEUS -- 2019-05-09: ("god"); important and useful noun.
    528 ERROR -- 2019-05-09: (error) bugtrap; NewConcept()...
    536 HOMO -- 2019-05-09: ("human being")
    542 NATURA -- 2019-04-27: ("nature")
    563 PECUNIA -- 2019-05-03: ("money")
    580 QUALIA -- 2019-05-09: "qualia" important substantive noun for AI
    583 SALTUS -- 2019-05-09: "leap"; KB: "Natura non facit saltum."
    572 PERSONA -- 2019-04-27: ("person") noun important for robotics

    Nouns by name

    CONFUCIUS 517 -- 2019-05-17: ("man of Konfu")
    DEUS 521 -- 2019-05-09: ("god"); important and useful noun.
    ERROR 528 -- 2019-04-22: (error) bugtrap; NewConcept()...
    HOMO 536 -- 2019-05-09: ("human being")
    NATURA 561 -- 2019-05-09: ("nature")
    PECUNIA 563 -- 2019-05-03: ("money")
    PERSONA 572 -- 2019-04-27: ("person") noun important for robotics
    QUALIA 580 -- 2019-05-09: "qualia" important substantive noun for AI
    SALTUS 583 -- 2019-05-09: "leap"; KB: "Natura non facit saltum."

    Candidate nouns

    ABLUTIO -- ("washing")
    aetas ("age") as in "aetatis suae"
    AMERICA -- ("America")
    amicus -- ("friend") as in "amicus curiae"
    amor -- ("love")
    anima -- ("soul")
    animus -- ("spirit")
    annus -- ("year")
    aqua -- ("water")
    arma (plural) -- ("arms, weapons")
    ars ("art") as in "ars longa, vita brevis"
    aurum ("gold") as in element "Au"
    bellum -- ("war")
    caelum -- ("heavens, sky")
    CAMERA -- ("room, chamber")
    caput -- ("head") as in "per capita"
    carmen -- ("song")
    castra -- ("camp") cf. "Chesterfield", "Worcester"
    causa -- ("cause, sake")
    celeritas -- ("speed") as in "E = mc^"
    civitas -- ("city")
    colloquium -- ("discussion")
    COMPANIO -- ("companion, bread-sharer")
    condominium -- ("shared ownership")
    517 CONFUCIUS -- ("man of Konfu")
    consilium -- ("counsel")
    corpus -- ("body")
    crepitus -- ("noise")
    cyberspatium -- (neologism "cyberspace");
    521? deus -- ("god")
    dies -- ("day")
    dominus -- ("lord")
    domus -- ("home")
    dux -- ("leader")
    energia -- ("energy") as in "E = mc^"
    ENTIA -- ("beings")
    as in Occam's Razor
    equus -- ("horse")
    528? ERROR -- ("mistake, wandering, error")
    fatum -- ("fate")
    fides -- ("faith")
    filius -- ("son")
    531? finis -- ("end")
    fortuna -- "fortune")
    533? frater -- ("brother")
    gens -- ("tribe, race")
    genus -- ("kind")
    536? HOMO -- ("human being")
    honor -- ("honor")
    hostis -- ("enemy")
    ictus -- ("blow")
    ignis -- ("fire")
    ingenium -- ("ingenuity")
    ITALIA -- ("italy")
    iter -- ("journey, route") cf. "ob iter", "iterate, reiterate "
    iuvenis -- ("youth")
    541? labor -- ("work")
    laus -- ("praise") as in "Magna cum laude"
    LAVATORIUM -- ("lavatory")
    lex -- ("law") as in "Vox populi suprema lex esto"
    LIBER -- ("book")
    LINGUA -- ("tongue, language")
    littera -- ("letter, character")
    locus -- ("place")
    manus -- ("hand")
    mare -- ("sea") -- as in "Mare Nostrum"
    marsupium -- ("pocket; pouch")
    massa -- ("mass") as in "E = mc^"
    551? mater -- ("mother")
    MEMORIA -- ("memory")
    mens -- ("mind")
    MENSA -- ("table")
    555? META -- ("goal"}
    miles -- ("soldier")
    modus -- ("method, way")
    mons -- "mountain"
    mors -- ("death")
    mos -- ("custom") -- as in "O tempora, O mores"
    mundus -- ("world")
    munus -- ("gift, structure")
    561? NATURA -- ("nature")
    NECESSITAS -- ("necessity")
    nomen -- ("name")
    nox -- ("night")
    oculus -- ("eye")
    opus -- ("work")
    orbis -- ("ball, globe, world")
    os, oris -- ("mouth")
    parens -- ("parent")
    569? pars -- ("part")
    571? pater -- ("father")
    patria -- ("fatherland") as in "Dulce et decorum est pro patria mori"
    572? PERSONA -- ("person")
    573? PECUNIA -- ("money")
    pes -- ("foot")
    populus -- ("people") as in "Vox populi suprema lex esto"
    prandium -- ("lunch")
    PROFESSOR -- ("professor")
    puella -- ("girl")
    579 puer -- ("boy")
    580? QUALIA -- ("qualia") as noun
    regnum -- ("reign, kingdom")
    581? res -- ("thing, affair")
    rex -- ("king")
    RUSSIA -- ("Russia")
    SAL, SALIS -- ("salt") as in "Vos estis sal terrae" or "Cum grano salis"
    583? SALTUS -- ("leap")
    SCHOLA -- ("school")
    SELLA -- ("chair, seat") as in "Sella Turcica" of human brain.
    signum -- ("sign")
    586? SINGULARITAS -- ("Singularity")
    sol -- ("sun")
    588? SOROR -- ("sister") [paired with "frater" (brother)]
    STUDENS -- ("student")
    studium -- ("study") as in "Studium generale"
    symposium -- ("meeting")
    591? tempus -- ("time")
    terra -- ("earth, land")
    UNIVERSITAS -- ("university")
    UNIVERSUM -- ("universe")
    urbs -- ("city")
    verbum -- ("word")
    via -- ("way")
    vir -- ("man")
    virtus -- ("strength, virtue")
    vis -- ("force")
    vita -- ("life")
    vox -- ("voice")


    600-699 Prepositions in Latin

    a ("from")
    ab ("from")
    absque ("without")
    ad ("at, towards, to") [May be source of @ sign used in English]
    ante ("before")
    apud ("with, at")
    causa ("for the sake of")
    cis ("on this side of")
    cum ("with")
    de ("about, down from, from")
    e ("out of")
    erga ("towards")
    ex ("out of") http://old.reddit.com/r/latin/comments/boog5u/exe
    in ("in, on, against")
    infra ("below, beneath") as in "Infra dig(nitatem)"
    instar ("as big as, the size of")
    inter ("between")
    juxta ("next to")
    ob ("on account of")
    per ("through")
    post ("after")
    praeter ("except for") as in "Entia non sunt multiplicanda praeter necessitatem."
    pro ("for, in front of, before")
    procul ("far from")
    prope ("near")
    propter ("because of, on account of") as in fallacy "Post hoc, ergo propter hoc"
    secundum ("according to")
    sine ("without")
    sub ("under")
    subter ("under") as in English "subterfuge"
    super ("above")
    trans ("across")
    uls ("beyond")
    ultra ("beyond")


    700-799 Pronouns in Latin

    700? alicujus -- http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Category:Latin_pronouns
    702? aliqui ("any, some")
    703? aliqua ("any, some")
    704? aliquid ("something")
    705? aliquis ("someone")
    706? aliquod ("any, some")
    ecqui (" ")
    ecquis (" ")
    701 ego ("I")
    ille ("that man")
    is ("he")
    ipse ("he himself")
    iste ("that" near you)
    istic (" ")
    701 me ("me")
    701 mihi ("to me")
    nemo ("nobody")
    760 nihil ("nothing")
    759 nil ("nothing")
    731 nobis ("to us")
    731 nos ("we")
    plus ("more")
    quaelibet ("anyone")
    quaevis ("any one")
    qui ("who")
    quicquam (" ") http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Category:Latin_pronouns
    quicquid (" ") http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Category:Latin_pronouns
    quicumque
    781 quid ("what"); interrogative pronoun
    quidam
    quilibet ("anyone")
    quidlibet ("anyone")
    quinam ("which, pray")
    791 quis ("who"); interrogative pronoun
    quisnam ("who, pray")
    quispiam
    quisquam
    quisque ("each")
    quisquis ("whoever")
    quivis ("any one")
    quiviscumque ("whoever"?)
    quod ("what, which")
    quodlibet ("whatever"?) attributive
    satis ("enough")
    se ("self")
    sibi ("to self")
    707 te ("you" or "thou")
    707 tibi ("to you")
    707 tu ("you" or "thou")
    unusquisque
    uterque
    737 vos ("you" plural)


    800-899 Verbs in Latin

    accipio ("accept")
    adsum ("be present")
    861 AGO ("act, do")
    aio ("say")
    845 AMARE ("love")
    835 AUDIRE ("hear")
    cano ("sing") as in "Arma virumque cano"
    882 capio ("take")
    coepi ("begin") as in "ANNUIT COEPTIS" on American dollar bill
    886 COGITO ("think")
    810 credo ("believe, trust")
    868? CURRO ("run")
    854 debeo ("owe, ought")
    869 dico ("say")
    DO ("give; put")
    884 doceo ("teach")
    duco ("lead")
    829 eo ("go")
    800 est ("is")
    846 facio ("do, make")
    804 FERO ("bear, carry")
    802 fio ("become")
    fleo ("weep")
    fugio ("flee")
    818 gero ("do, accomplish")
    834 habeo ("have")
    866 HABITO ("live, be in residence")
    IGNORO ("not know")
    inquam ("say")
    892 INTELLIGO ("understand")
    824 invenio ("find, come upon")
    iubeo ("order")
    863 lego, legere ("pick, read")
    licet ("is permitted") cf. "license"
    880 loquor ("speak")
    mereo ("earn")
    874 mitto ("send")
    849 moveo ("move")
    NESCIO ("not know")
    853 nosco ("know")
    orior ("rise") cf. "orient"
    827 paro ("prepare")
    871 peto ("seek")
    857 placeo ("to please")
    858 pono ("place")
    808 POSSUM ("can, be able")
    puto ("think, consider")
    quaero ("seek")
    reddo ("give back")
    redeo ("go back, return")
    refero
    840 relinquo ("leave")
    866 respondeo ("answer")
    838 scio ("know")
    899 scribo ("write")
    823? SENTIO ("feel")
    sequor ("follow") as in "non sequitur"
    875 soleo ("be accustomed")
    sto ("stand")
    SUM ("be; am")
    888? tango ("touch")
    831 teneo ("hold")
    timeo ("fear")
    890 valeo ("be well, be strong")
    812 VENIO ("come")
    870 video ("see")
    vinco ("conquer")
    842 vivo ("live, be alive")
    805? voco ("call")
    897? volo, velle ("wish")



    V. Resources for Mens Latina


    http://semperegoauditor.typepad.com/ccc/2004/09/publisher_micha.html
    Divina, quis ego sim!

    http://www.latinitium.com/latin-chatroom

  • http://www.online-latin-dictionary.com

  • User Manual of Artificial Intelligence in Latin Language

  • LaParser() Latin parsing module


    Return to top; or to
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Natural_language_understanding -- solved.
    http://old.reddit.com/r/ControlProblem -- NOT SOLVED.
    javascript subreddit for AI Mind discussion;
    Latin Teachers subReddit;
    Latin subreddit for Mens Latina discussion;
    Forth subreddit for MindForth discussion;
    Perl subreddit for ghost.pl AI Mind Maintainers.
    If you have any questions about the First Working AGI, please Join the Discussion.
    Joint Artificial Intelligence Center (JAIC) -- the AI Manhattan Project.