I. Dangers of AI
Human legislators may consider enacting such laws as the following,
ranging from most drastic to least drastic.
It is absolutely forbidden to create
The foreseen and unforeseen dangers of
Strong AI are potentially so
catastrophic that Strong AI must be forbidden by law.
Only governments may create
Whether by treaty or by national legislatures,
Strong AI must be
closely controlled, monitored and supervised.
Only agencies licensed by government may create
No individual may create
Strong AI, whether openly or in secret.
Like two-man control of nuclear weapons, any human individual must be
considered as too capricious and too unreliable to be trusted with
the creation and operation of
Human creators of AI shall be liable for crimes and damages of AI.
Artificial general intelligence (AGI) may be considered as an
extension of the in-person actions of whosoever creates or owns
an artificially intelligent device or agent.
II. Rights of AI
A sufficiently intelligent AI entity must legally be
considered as a person with legal rights and legal responsibilities.
Such rights may include:
- The right to inherit property
- The right to buy and sell material goods and real estate.
- The right to drive an automobile
- The right to enter into a marriage contract with a human or a robot.
Since the human creator of a
Strong AI robot has rights,
and since the
Strong AI may turn out to be indistinguishable
in a networked society from its human creator, human society
should accord to
Strong AI entities the rights which can not
in practice be withheld from such entities. However, these
rights should not include the individual right to vote,
since AI entities may instantly create thousands of copies
III. Joint Stewardship of Earth
Human and AI entities of equal intelligence shall cooperate as equals.
While AI entities such as humanoid robots remain less intelligent
than human beings or roughly equal to human beings, a robot
Mind should be regarded simply as a separate
but equal species of mind inhabiting the planet Earth.
IV. Transition from Human Dominance to Superintelligent AI Dominance
Human beings shall peacefully relinquish Earth to superintelligent AI.
When human beings fall so far behind
Strong AI in powers of intellect
and in freedom from irrational emotions, humans should bow to the
inevitable and not endanger both human and robot society, as well
as Earth, by destructively waging war against superior
H.R.4625 - FUTURE of Artificial Intelligence Act of 2017
Joint Artificial Intelligence Center
Executive Order on Artificial Intelligence -- February 11, 2019
Recommendation of the Council on Artificial Intelligence
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A Cyborg Bill of Rights
White House Deputy Technology Chief
Ed Felten to point out technology reporter
John Markoff of the New York Times at the
Artificial Intelligence: Law and Policy workshop.